服务器搭建手册之FREEBSDUNIX邮件服务器建设(十)

五、安装postfix管理工具

1、安装postfix管理工具webmail来设置第一个域名和用户

A、在http://www.toping.net/bbs/job.php?action=download&pid=tpc&tid=1469&aid=116  下载最新版的webmail4.11

B、然后用一些FTP软件将WEBMAIL4.11到网站根目录

C、然后解压

#tar zxvf webmail4.11.tar.gz

 

D、然后修改config/config.inc.php中的

define(MYSQL_HOST, ‘localhost’);     为  您的MySQL服务器的主机名

define(MYSQL_USER, ‘postfix’);     为  您的MySQL的用户名

define(MYSQL_PASS, ‘postfix’);   为  您的MySQL的密码

define(MYSQL_DATA, ‘postfix’);    为  您的邮件服务器的数据库

同样修改 webadmin/include/config.inc.php

define(MYSQL_HOST, ‘localhost’);     为  您的MySQL服务器的主机名

define(MYSQL_USER, ‘postfix’);     为  您的MySQL的用户名

define(MYSQL_PASS, ‘postfix’);   为  您的MySQL的密码

define(MYSQL_DATA, ‘postfix’);    为  您的邮件服务器的

为了使webmail4.11支持php5 ,对webmail4.11作下面修改:

修改config/db_mysql.php 文件,将54行的

if (!isset($this->Link_ID)){

改成

if (!is_object($this) || !isset($this->Link_ID)){

 

同样在webmain/include/db_mysql.php文件,将54行的

if (!isset($this->Link_ID)){

改成

if (!is_object($this) || !isset($this->Link_ID)){

数据库修改完成后运行:http://172.16.16.205/webadmin/index.php

完装完成!!

2、用户登录测试

用户登录测试

A、安装p5-MIME-Base64

# cd /usr/ports/converters/p5-MIME-Base64/

 

# make install clean

通过p5-MIME-Base64来取得用户名和密码的base64编码

# perl -MMIME::Base64 -e ‘print encode_base64(“webmaster\@toping.net”);’

d2VibWFzdGVyQHRvcGluZy5uZXQ=

# perl -MMIME::Base64 -e ‘print encode_base64(“000000”);’

MDAwMDAw

 

B、测试发送邮件(端口:25):

# telnet 127.0.0.1 25

 

Trying 127.0.0.1…

Connected to 0.

Escape character is ‘^]’.

220 mail.toping.net ESMTP Postfix

ehlo mail

250-mail.toping.net

250-PIPELINING

250-SIZE 4194304

250-VRFY

250-ETRN

250-AUTH NTLM LOGIN PLAIN OTP

250-AUTH=NTLM LOGIN PLAIN OTP

250 8BITMIME

auth login

334 VXNlcm5hbWU6

d2VibWFzdGVyQHRvcGluZy5uZXQ=   //此为用户名id:webmaster@toping.net

334 UGFzc3dvcmQ6

MDAwMDAw  //此为用户密码password:000000

235 Authentication successful

MAIL FROM:<webmaster@toping.net> //告诉服务器发件人的Email地址

250 Ok

RCPT TO:<webmaster@toping.net>   //告诉服务器收件人的地址

250 OK

DATA      //告诉服务器开始写信

354 End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>

SUBJECT:test        //subject后面填写的是邮件的主题

test

.         //换行后输入.后按回车,表示信件内容书写完毕

250 Ok: queued as 58DC71D5

 

quit      //发送信件,结束对话,退出SMTP服务器

221 Bye

Connection closed by foreign host

 

C、测试收取邮件(端口:110):

# telnet 127.0.0.1 110

Trying 127.0.0.1…

Connected to 0

Escape character is ‘^]’

+OK Hello there

user webmaster@toping.net

+OK Password required

pass 000000

+OK logged in

list

 

+OK POP3 clients that break here, they violate STD53

1 2217

.

retr 1    //返回第一封信的全部内容

+OK 2217 octets follow.

Return-Path: <webmaster@toping.net>

X-Original-To: webmaster@toping.net

Delivered-To: webmaster@toping.net

Received: from mail (localhost.toping.net [127.0.0.1])

by mail.toping.net (Postfix) with ESMTP id 58DC71D5

for <webmaster@toping.net>; Mon,  9 Aug 2004 21:11:20 +0800 (CST)

SUBJECT:test

Message-Id: <20040809131120.58DC71D5@mail.toping.net>

Date: Mon,  9 Aug 2004 21:11:20 +0800 (CST)

From: webmaster@toping.net

To: undisclosed-recipients:;

 

test

.

dele 1    //删除

+OK Deleted

quit

 

+OK Bye-bye

Connection closed by foreign host

也可以使用任何其它的邮件客户端程序来测试,如Foxmail、Outlook Express等等。

 

修改apache的配置文件httpd.conf .修改apache 的启动用户与组.

#vi  /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf

将Group www、User www修改为: Group postfix、User postfix

 

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