Debian Linux 增加 Nginx 随机启动脚本

Debian Linux 增加 Nginx 随机启动脚本

 

在上一个文章中我们用源码安装了Nginx,但是它没有追寻init启动脚本
现在我们创建一个脚本来完成启动,停止,重启,还有更重要的开机启动

前提
如果你通过其它方法将nginx执行路径改在其它地方,如 /usr/local/sbin/,那么你需要修正下面的脚本

停止
如果你的Nginx正在运行,你可以通过如下命令停止

kill `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid`

Init脚本
vi /etc/init.d/nginx

#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: nginx
# Required-Start: $all
# Required-Stop: $all
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts the nginx web server
# Description: starts nginx using start-stop-daemon
### END INIT INFO
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DAEMON=/usr/local/sbin/nginx
NAME=nginx
DESC=nginx
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
# Include nginx defaults if available
if [ -f /etc/default/nginx ] ; then
. /etc/default/nginx
fi
set -e
case “$1” in
start)
echo -n “Starting $DESC: ”
start-stop-daemon –start –quiet –pidfile /usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid \
–exec $DAEMON — $DAEMON_OPTS
echo “$NAME.”
;;
stop)
echo -n “Stopping $DESC: ”
start-stop-daemon –stop –quiet –pidfile /usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid \
–exec $DAEMON
echo “$NAME.”
;;
restart|force-reload)
echo -n “Restarting $DESC: ”
start-stop-daemon –stop –quiet –pidfile \
/usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid –exec $DAEMON
sleep 1
start-stop-daemon –start –quiet –pidfile \
/usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid –exec $DAEMON — $DAEMON_OPTS
echo “$NAME.”
;;
reload)
echo -n “Reloading $DESC configuration: ”
start-stop-daemon –stop –signal HUP –quiet –pidfile /usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid \
–exec $DAEMON
echo “$NAME.”
;;
*)
N=/etc/init.d/$NAME
echo “Usage: $N {start|stop|restart|force-reload}” >&2
exit 1
;;
esac
exit 0
当然你也可以通过附件下载脚本
执行
此脚本为shell命令,所以要先有可执行权限

chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx

update-rc
脚本准备好后,我们把它加到默认运行级别

/usr/sbin/update-rc.d -f nginx defaults

开始,停止,重启

/etc/init.d/nginx start/etc/init.d/nginx stop
/etc/init.d/nginx restart

脚本在系统启动时会自动执行start操作

     

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